History of wooden panel constructions 1
Today, prefabricated panel structures make up the largest market share of wooden structures in Europe. There are hundreds of companies manufacturing panels of different sizes, materials and level of completion. The variety of panel technologies is wide. On further examination of prefabricated wooden panel construction, we discover that the technology is based on three basic panel construction principles.
Panels with wooden frame
Structural insulated panels (SIP)
Laminated wooden panels
These construction technologies are ordered by chronology of their creation. First one was the wooden frame panel, patented in 1880. Immediately after, wooden constructions became popular all over the world. At the time, the Czech republic was even a world leader in their production.
Wars helped to develop wooden panel constructions
Nineteenth-century armed forces became increasingly interested in healing techniques for wounded soldiers. Chiefdoctor of prussian army – professor Georg Friedrich Luis Stromeyer (1804-1876) wrote two important books – Maximen der Kriegsheilkunst (published in 1855) and Gunshot fractures (published in 1862) in which points out the need of proper conditions of tending the wounds – dry and clean environment and ventilation on inner space. A new way of constructing and deconstructing field hospitals was needed to ensure best hygienic conditions for wounded soldiers even in winter time.
First panel wooden structure
In 1880, Danish Capitan Johann Gerhard Clement Döcker came up with a solution by introducing the technology of wooden frame panels. Historical resources show his building system was made of “moulded Döcker material” (a sort of cement-fibre board) on wooden frame. Panels were connected by locks with latches. The joints between panels were covered with laths. Roof panels were put together using screw clamps. This enabled easy assembly and disassembly. Panels were easy to store and transport.
* all images are avaliable via google search
Ing. Luděk Liška